Knights Templar

Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon
Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici Hierosolymitanis

A Seal of the Knights Templar[1]
Active c. 1119–1312
Allegiance The Pope (until 1305)
Type Catholic military order
Role Protection of Christian Pilgrims
Size 15,000–20,000 members at peak, 10% of whom were knights[2][3]
Headquarters Temple Mount, Jerusalem,

Kingdom of Jerusalem

Nickname(s) The Order of Solomon's Temple
Patron St. Bernard of Clairvaux
Motto(s) Non nobis Domine, non nobis, sed nomini tuo da gloriam (Not unto us, O Lord, not unto us, but unto thy Name give glory)
Attire White mantle with a red cross
Mascot Two knights riding a single horse
Engagements The Crusades, including:
  • Siege of Ascalon (1153)
  • Battle of Montgisard (1177)
  • Battle of Marj Ayyun (1179)
  • Battle of Hattin (1187)
  • Siege of Acre (1190–1191)
  • Battle of Arsuf (1191)
  • Siege of Al-Dāmūs (1210)
  • Battle of Legnica (1241)
  • Siege of Acre (1291)
  • Reconquista
First Grand Master Hugues de Payens
Last Grand Master Jacques de Molay

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